A 2-year review of stroke admissions and short term out-come predictors in a teaching hospital, Southeast, Nigeria.

Main Article Content

Ernest Nwazor
Patrick Obi
Onyedika Madueke
Benneth Ajuonuma
Ikechukwu Chukwuocha

Keywords

stroke, neurology, risk factors, outcome

Abstract

Background: Stroke is a common neurological disorder with a huge global burden in terms of mortality and morbidity. Epidemiological evidence has shown that modifiable risk factors are responsible for more than 90% of all strokes. Stroke outcome in hospitalized patients is influenced by several variables, such as sociodemographic factors, stroke subtype, and admission severity. The interaction between stroke outcomes and these parameters is often complex. The study is aimed to profile hospitalized stroke patients and determine outcome predictors.


Methodology: A descriptive retrospective study of 100 patients hospitalized for acute stroke. Their medical records were reviewed for demographic and clinical variables and relevant data were retrieved and analysed using appropriate statistical methods.


Results: Of the 100 acute stroke patients studied, 36% were men and 64% were women. The mean age was 65.16±15.72. About 78%had ischemic stroke while 21%had haemorrhagic strokes. The commonest risk factor was hypertension (71.2%). On multivariate analysis, stroke subtype and admission duration were significantly linked to stroke outcome.


Conclusion: Ischemic stroke comprises more than two-thirds of stroke admissions, with hypertension being the most common risk factor and stroke case fatality of 23%. Stroke subtype and admission duration significantly predicted stroke outcomes. The need to step up measures aimed at improving acute stroke care in hospitalized patients is imperative as this will hopefully improve overall outcomes in resource constraint settings such as Nigeria.

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