An Audit of Mortality Pattern in the Neonatology Unit of the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria: A Seven-Year Review.

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Enobong Edet Ekpenyong
Usenobong Morgan Akpan
Iso Precious Oloyede
Ifunanya Ularinma Ebiekpi
Utibe David David


Neonatal Mortality, Audit, UUTH, Nigeria


Background: Most neonatal deaths occur in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). These deaths can be prevented through universal access to basic high-quality in-patient health services. Prematurity, neonatal sepsis, and perinatal asphyxia have been reported as the leading causes of in-patient neonatal deaths. This study aimed to assess the trend of neonatal mortality in our hospital, determine the pattern and causes of neonatal mortality, and evaluate the factors associated with neonatal mortality in our facility.

Methodology: This was a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in the Special Care Babies Unit (SCBU) and Sick Babies Unit (SBU) of the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, over seven years (2015-2021). Demographic, clinical, and mortality data was extracted from the case record files of patients into a structured proforma and analysed.

Results: There was a total of 228 deaths comprising 130 males (57.02%) and 98 (42.98%) females. The median age at demise was 4.00 (IQR = 1.00 – 12.00) days for both genders. The majority (71.50%) of deaths occurred in the Sick Babies Unit. More males died than females (57% vs 43%). The three leading causes of death were: prematurity (38.60%), neonatal sepsis (38.16%), and birth asphyxia (13.60%).

Conclusion: The leading causes of neonatal mortality in our environment are prematurity and neonatal sepsis. There is a need for increased community education on antenatal care, training of traditional birth attendants, improved newborn transportation facilities, and provision of neonatal intensive care facilities.

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