Main Article Content
Diabetes Mellitus, quality of care, patient satisfaction, glycemic control
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death globally and diabetes mellitus (DM) is the fourth main contributor. The incidence of its complications could be reduced with high-quality care and good glycaemic control. Treatment satisfaction is an important aspect of quality of care, especially in treating chronic diseases like DM. This study sought to determine the satisfaction of diabetics with their care and to identify the relationship between patients’ satisfaction and diabetic control alongside other associated factors.
Methodology: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional, hospital-based study. Respondents were admitted into the study based on inclusion criteria and selected using systematic random sampling technique. Blood samples for fasting plasma glucose and total cholesterol were collected. Diabetic Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire were used to assess treatment satisfaction. SPSS version 21.0 was used for data analysis and linear regression was used to determine the factors influencing satisfaction. The level of significance was set at 0.05.
Results: The mean total Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction score was 33.8 ± 8.2 and the mean total Short Form Patient Satisfaction score was found to be 16.8 ± 3.6. There was a statistically significant difference between the mean satisfaction scores with treatment of diabetes mellitus and age groups (p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant association between DM treatment satisfaction with the use of oral antidiabetic agents (p = 0.043) and presence of complications (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between patient satisfaction scores and other factors like accessibility and convenience, time spent with doctors, and so on. In conclusion, the study identified the use of oral anti-diabetic agents, and the presence of complications, among others as factors affecting patient satisfaction. This study, therefore, suggests improving the practice of patient-centered medicine by increasing patient satisfaction through addressing these factors.
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