Gender Perspective in the Workplace: The Experience of Women Medical Doctors. https://doi.org/10.60787/NMJ-64-5-329

Main Article Content

Linda Iroegbu-Emeruem
Boma Oyan
Sarah Abere
Ureh Annabel Oparaodu
Uchenna Felicitas Okeke
Bertha Chris-Biriowu
Bukola Gift Adu

Keywords

Women, Doctors, Workplace, Challenges, Nigeria

Abstract

Background: Women are a considerable part of the population and contribute to every facet of life with significant participation in all professions, however, despite such advancements by women, there is still a gender bias in all walks of life including the medical field. This study aimed to evaluate the opportunities, challenges, and job satisfaction of women doctors in the workplace.


Methodology: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted among 165 women medical doctors living in Rivers State, Nigeria. Data was collected using a structured, self-administered questionnaire and results have been reported as frequencies and percentages for categorical variables.


Results: Of the 165 women recruited, 62(37.6%) were working as resident doctors, 43(26.1%) were medical officers and 42(25.5%) consultants. Only 85(51.5%) women reported global satisfaction in their workplace while 69(41.8%) admitted to career satisfaction. Most of the respondents agree that their career has limited the time available to spend with their family (74.5%) and their friends (78.2%) outside their working environment. The greatest challenges perceived at work include poor work-life balance in 123(74.5%) and lack of career advancement opportunities in 46(27.9%) respondents. While 112 women doctors (67.9%) had experienced insubordination from a junior male colleague in the workplace, 75(45.5%) had experienced some form of physical violence in the workplace (from staff or patients). One hundred and twenty women (72.7%) had experienced some sort of sexual harassment from both their male colleagues and male patients in the workplace, with 11(6.7%) reporting frequent sexual harassment from their male colleagues.


Conclusion: Gender disparities and bias do exist in the medical field and should be discouraged at every level. When there is a positive organizational culture and supportive environment at work, women medical professionals can offer excellent medical care and break both clinical and academic glass ceilings.

Abstract 103 | PDF Downloads 44 EPUB Downloads 12 HTML Downloads 6

References

1. Sun X, Pringle S. Time to Break the Glass Ceiling: Critical Analysis of Gender Bias in the Workplace in the United States. Blogs.baruch.cuny.edu

2. Ridgeway CL. Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World 2011; online edn, Oxford Academic, 1 May 2011. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755776.001.0001, Accessed 20th July 2023.

3. Ahiante J, Ndaguba E. Misogynistic Influences of Female Managers in Local Governments: A Social Construction or Lived Experience. Social Sciences 2022; 11(11):533. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11110533

4. Baldridge DC, Eddleston KA, Veiga JF. Saying 'no' to being uprooted: The impact of family and gender on willingness to relocate. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. 2006. 79(1) 131-149. doi:10.1348/096317905X53174

5. Chirwa KS, Lukamba MT. Overcoming gender bias in the workplace: Bridging the gender gap at the local sphere of government. Paper presented at the 5th Annual Conference Proceeding, South African Association of Public Administration and Management (SAAPAM), Pretoria, South Africa, 2016 October 24–25; 31–40.

6. Barnes KL, McGuire L, Dunivan G, Sussman AL, McKee R. Gender Bias Experiences of Female Surgical Trainees. J Surg Educ. 2019;76(6):e1-e14. doi:10.1016/j.jsurg.2019.07.024

7. Bano S, Aslam SK. Zafar S. Problems of Female Doctors Working in Hospitals, J. Agri. Soc Sci. 2005; 1(4): 376-377.

8. Rimnac CM. Editorial: Minimizing Workplace Bias-What Surgeons, Scientists, and Their Organizations Can Do. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2020;478(4):691-693.

9. Broadbridge A. Dominated by Women: Managed by Men? The Career Development Process of Retail Managers. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management. 2007;35(12): doi:10.1108/09590550710835193.

10. Alobaid AM, Gosling CM, Khasawneh E, McKenna L, Williams B. Challenges Faced by Female Healthcare Professionals in the Workforce: A Scoping Review. J Multidiscip Health. 2020;13:681-691.

11. Akhila R, Shailashri VT. Work-Life Balance of Women Medical Professionals in the Healthcare Sector-A Systematic Literature Review. Int Journal of Health Sciences and Pharmacy 2021;5(2), 54-79.

12. Choo EK. Damned If You Do, Damned If You Don’t: Bias in Evaluations of Female Resident Physicians. J Grad Med Educ. 2017; 9(5): 586-587.

13. Gerull KM, Loe M, Seiler K, Jared M, Salles A. Assessing gender bias in qualitative evaluations of surgical residents. Am J Surg 2019;217(2): 306-313.

14. Thackeray EW, Halvorsen AJ, Ficalora RD, Engstler GJ, MacDonald FS, Oxentenko AS. The effects of gender and age on evaluation of trainees and faculty in gastroenterology. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012; 107(11): 1610-1614.

15. Siuta RL, Mindy EB. ‘Sexual Harassment in the Workplace.’ Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management. 25 Jun. 2019. Available from: https://oxfordre.com/business/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190224851.001.0001/acrefore-9780190224851-e-191.,Accessed on 21st July 2023.